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Title

A review on the nutritional, medicinal, molecular and genome attributes of Durian (Durio zibethinus L.), the King of fruits in Malaysia

 

Authors

Nurul Arneida Husin1, Sadequr Rahman2, Rohini Karunakaran3 & Subhash Janardhan Bhore1*

 

Affiliation

1Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, AIMST University, Semeling 08100 Bedong, Kedah, Malaysia;

2School of Science and Tropical Medicine and Biology Platform, Monash University Malaysia, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, 47500, Sunway City, Selangor, Malaysia;

3Unit of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, AIMST University, Semeling, 08100 Bedong, Kedah, Malaysia;

 

E-mail

subhash@aimst.edu.my; subhashbhore@gmail.com

 

Article Type

Review

 

Date

Received May 14, 2018; Revised June 9, 2018; Accepted June 9, 2018; Published June 30, 2018

 

Abstract

Durian (Durio zibethinus L.; Family Bombacaceae) is an iconic tropical fruit plant cultivated in Malaysia and the Southeast Asian countries. In Malaysia, durian is recognised as the King of fruits and well known as a rich source of volatile sulphur compounds that make it unique. Fruit pulp of this fruit is an excellent source of nutrients as it contains proteins, dietary fat, fibers, and carbohydrates. Durian leaf and root decoctions are known to have a febrifuge and anti-malarial properties. The understanding of this plantís molecular biology will help breeders to develop a strategy for its further improvements. Hence, there is a need to identify and understand the genes necessary for the quality improvement of the durian fruits. Its genome contains about 46,000 genes which is almost double that of humans (Homo sapiens). The understanding of durian genes will be useful not only in the molecular breeding but also in the microbial production of novel proteins and or enzymes. This review highlights nutritional and medicinal attributes of durian. The molecular studies including the importance of undertaking transcriptomics work and the insights from the most recently reported genome draft are also highlighted.

 

Keywords:

DNA, Exotic plants, Gene expression, Methionine gamma lyases (MGL), Molecular markers, Transcriptomics, volatile sulphur compounds (VSC).

 

Citation

Husin et al. Bioinformation 14(6): 265-270 (2018)

 

Edited by

P Kangueane

 

ISSN

0973-2063

 

Publisher

Biomedical Informatics

 

License

This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.