Domain analyses of Usher syndrome causing Clarin-1 and GPR98 protein models



Sehrish Haider Khan1, Muhammad Rizwan Javed1*, Muhammad Qasim1, Samar Shahzadi1, Asma Jalil1 & Shahid ur Rehman2



1Department of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, Government College University Faisalabad (GCUF), Allama Iqbal Road 38000, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 2Department of Poultry Husbandry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan


Email; *Corresponding author


Article Type




Received June 22, 2014; Revised July 06, 2014; Accepted July 07, 2014; Published August 30, 2014



Usher syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder that causes hearing loss, Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) and vestibular dysfunction. It is clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder which is clinically divided into three types i.e. type I, type II and type III. To date, there are about twelve loci and ten identified genes which are associated with Usher syndrome. A mutation in any of these genes e.g. CDH23, CLRN1, GPR98, MYO7A, PCDH15, USH1C, USH1G, USH2A and DFNB31 can result in Usher syndrome or non-syndromic deafness. These genes provide instructions for making proteins that play important roles in normal hearing, balance and vision. Studies have shown that protein structures of only seven genes have been determined experimentally and there are still three genes whose structures are unavailable. These genes are Clarin-1, GPR98 and Usherin. In the absence of an experimentally determined structure, homology modeling and threading often provide a useful 3D model of a protein. Therefore in the current study Clarin-1 and GPR98 proteins have been analyzed for signal peptide, domains and motifs. Clarin-1 protein was found to be without any signal peptide and consists of prokar lipoprotein domain. Clarin-1 is classified within claudin 2 super family and consists of twelve motifs. Whereas, GPR98 has a 29 amino acids long signal peptide and classified within GPCR family 2 having Concanavalin A-like lectin/glucanase superfamily. It was found to be consists of GPS and G protein receptor F2 domains and twenty nine motifs. Their 3D structures have been predicted using I-TASSER server. The model of Clarin-1 showed only α-helix but no beta sheets while model of GPR98 showed both α-helix and β sheets. The predicted structures were then evaluated and validated by MolProbity and Ramachandran plot. The evaluation of the predicted structures showed 78.9% residues of Clarin-1 and 78.9% residues of GPR98 within favored regions. The findings of present study has resulted in the three dimensional structure prediction and conserved domain analysis which will be quite beneficial in better understanding of molecular components, protein-protein interaction, clinical heterogeneity and pathophysiology of Usher syndrome.



Khan et al. Bioinformation 10(8): 491-495 (2014)

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P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



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