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Title

Soft tissue re-growth after different crown lengthening techniques among Indian patients

 

Authors

Siddharth Narayan & Arvina Rajasekar

 

Affiliation

Department of Periodontology, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai-600077, Tamil Nadu, India; *Corresponding author

 

Email

Siddharth Narayan E-mail: 151805002.sdc@saveetha.com; Arvina Rajasekar E-mail: arvinar.sdc@saveetha.com; T. Lakshmi lakshmi@saveetha.com

 

Article Type

Research Article

 

Date

Received June 17, 2021; Revised September 27, 2021; Accepted September 27, 2021, Published December 31, 2021

 

Abstract

Patients often report complaining of fractured or decayed teeth with severe morphological deformities. However, all these clinical scenarios require the same level of care and consideration to rehabilitate form, function and esthetics. Some cases have sufficient clinical crown height while others often require an interdisciplinary approach in the form of orthodontic/surgical extrusion or surgical periodontal options. A common factor delaying treatment is soft tissue regrowth after crown lengthening which delays the impression required for final prosthesis. Therefore, it is of interest to compare the prevalence of soft tissue regrowth a week after different crown lengthening techniques including laser gingivectomy, electrocautery gingivectomy, modified Widman flap and apically repositioned. The parameters assessed included 1-week postoperative soft tissue regrowth after crown lengthening, age of patients and gender. It was observed that laser and electrocautery-assisted gingivectomy had a higher rate of soft tissue regrowth as compared to surgical techniques. It was further noted that laser and electrocautery assisted gingivectomy had a higher frequency of soft tissue rebound growth compared to surgical crown lengthening using modified widman flap and apically repositioned flap, which was statistically insignificant. Patients within the age groups of 26-60 years were found to have a higher tendency of soft tissue regrowth, which was found to be clinically and statistically significant (p<0.05).

 

Keywords

crown lengthening; electrocautery; flap surgery; gingivectomy; laser; soft tissue regrowth

 

Citation

Narayan & Rajasekar, Bioinformation 17(12): 1130-1133 (2021)

 

Edited by

P Kangueane

 

ISSN

0973-2063

 

Publisher

Biomedical Informatics

 

License

This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.