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Title

Proximate composition, phytochemicals, minerals and antioxidant activities of Vigna mungo L. seed coat

 

Authors

Pushpam Marie Arockianathan*, Kumar Rajalakshmi & Priya Nagappan

 

Affiliation

PG & Research Department of Biochemistry, St. Joseph’s College of Arts & Science (Autonomous), Cuddalore-607001, Tamil Nadu, India
 

Email

Telephone: +91-4142-286311; Fax: 91-4142-286315; Dr. P. Marie Arockianathan -  Email:
pmanathan26@gmail.com; *Corresponding author

 

Article Type

Research Article

 

Date

Received August 11, 2019; Revised September 2, 2019; Accepted September 3, 2019; Published September 10, 2019

 

Abstract

Vigna mungo L. seed coat is an agro by-product, available in substantial quantity, with no clear evidence to prove its economic importance. In the present study, the phytochemicals, proximate content, minerals and in vitro antioxidant activities of aqueous (AE), ethanol (EE) and 80% ethanolic extract (80% EE) of Vigna mungo L. seed coat were determined. The total carbohydrate, total protein, crude fibre, ash and moisture content of the seed coat were found to be 27.52±2.71%, 10.07±0.92%, 48.67±1.96%, 4.87±0.288% and 11.03±0.49% respectively. The content of total phenolics and flavonoids were significantly higher in 80% EE than other extracts. The mineral composition showed that seed coat was rich in calcium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc and manganese. The higher antioxidant potential was shown by 80% EE in DPPH and SOD assay whereas AE shows more scavenging activity in H2O2 assay. So it can be used as neutraceuticals in food supplements.

 

Keywords

Vigna mungo L.; antioxidant; proximate analysis; phytochemical analysis; seed coat.

 

Citation

Arockianathan et al. Bioinformation 15(8): 579-585 (2019)

 

Edited by

P Kangueane

 

ISSN

0973-2063

 

Publisher

Biomedical Informatics

 

License This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.