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Title

Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) in Honey Bees Caused by EMF Radiation

Authors

Sundar Santhosh Kumar

 

Affiliation

Department of Computer Science, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India 630 003

 

Email

Dr. S. Santhoshkumar - Email: santhoshkumars@alagappauniversity.ac.in

 

Article Type

Hypothesis

 

Date

Received November 20, 2018; Revised December 12, 2018; Accepted December 12, 2018; Published December 21, 2018

 

Abstract

Honey bees are one of the treasures in the world. An increase of waveform communication leads to good information exchange of mankind. In the biological view, it causes a lot of side effects and lifestyle changes in other living organisms. The drastic changes are causing the natural imbalance in the ecosystem and become a global issue. There are significant reasons for bee colony collapse disorder (CCD) like pesticides, disease and climate change. Recent studies reveal that a cell phone tower and mobile phone handset are also causing side effects to honey bees due to radiation emission. Most of the researchers concentrated on biological and behavioral changes in a honey bee due to radiation effects. For that, the real-time radiation levels have experimented but the different technical perspectives such as radiation emission levels, handset radiation emission measures and multi-sources of radiation are needed to be considered during research. This study aimed to provide possible research extensions of colony collapse disorder caused by cell tower and mobile handsets.

 

Keywords

Electromagnetic radiation, cell towers, honey bees, colony collapse disorder.

 

Citation

Santhosh Kumar, Bioinformation 14(9): 521-524 (2018)

 

Edited by

P Kangueane

 

ISSN

0973-2063

 

Publisher

Biomedical Informatics

 

License

This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.