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Title

Antifreeze proteins

 

Authors

Irena Roterman1, 2*, Mateusz Banach1,2, Leszek Konieczny3

 

Affiliation

1Department of Bioinformatics and telemedicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Łazarza 16, 31-530 Krakow, Poland;
2Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Applied Computer Science Jagiellonian University, Łojasiewicza 11, 30-348 Krakow, Poland;
3Chair of Medical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kopernika 7, 31-034 Krakow, Poland;

 

Email

myroterm@cyf-kr.edu.pl

 

Article Type

Review

 

Date

Received November 30, 2017; Revised December 9, 2017; Accepted December 9, 2017; Published December 31, 2017

 

Abstract

The antifreeze protein (AFP) activity is explained using two models. The first model is using ice binding and the second is using antiice structuralization of water molecules. The description of AFP function using anti-ice structuralization of water molecules is less explored. Therefore, it is of interest to explain AFP function using this model. Protein folding is often described using models where hydrophobic residues move away from water getting buried and hydrophilic residues are exposed to the surface. Thus, the 3D Gauss function stretched on the protein molecule describes the hydrophobicity distribution in a protein molecule. Small antifreeze proteins (less than 150 residues) are often represented by structures with hydrophobic core. Large antifreeze proteins (above 200 residues) contain solenoid (modular repeats). The hydrophobic field of solenoid show different distribution with linear propagation of the bands of different hydrophobicity level having high and low hydrophobicity that is propagated parallel to the long axis of solenoid. This specific ordering of hydrophobicity implies water molecules ordering different from ice. We illustrate this phenomenon using two antifreeze proteins to describe the hypothesis.

 

Keywords

Antifreeze proteins, models, function, activity, ice, anti-ice

 

Citation

Roterman et al. Bioinformation 13(12): 400-401 (2017)

 

Edited by

P Kangueane

 

ISSN

0973-2063

 

Publisher

Biomedical Informatics

 

License

This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.