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Title

Meta-analysis study to evaluate the association of MTHFR C677T polymorphism with risk of ischemic stroke

 

Authors

P.A. Abhinand, M. Manikandan, R. Mahalakshmi, P.K. Ragunath*

 

Affiliation

Department of Bioinformatics, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai 600 116, India;

 

Email

abhinand.bioinfo@gmail.com

 

Article Type

Hypothesis

 

Date

Received May 26, 2017; Accepted June 7, 2017; Published June 30, 2017

 

Abstract

Ischemic stroke is a condition characterized by reduced blood supply to part of the brain, initiating the ischemic cascade, leading to dysfunction of the brain tissue in that area. It is one of the leading causes of death and disability and is estimated to cause around 5.7 million deaths worldwide. Methyl tetra hydro-folate reductase (MTHFR) is a rate limiting enzyme in the methyl cycle which catalyzes the only biochemical reaction which produces 5, Methyl tetra hydro folate, the co-substrate for the re-methylation of homocystiene to produce methionine. MTFHR C677T is a common mutation of MTHFR and those homozygous for the MTFHR C677T produce a thermo-labile form of the protein with drastically reduced catalytic activity resulting in elevated plasma homocystiene levels - a common risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of MTHFR C677T in ischemic stroke remains unclear. To evaluate this association, we carried out a meta-analysis of existing published studies, which included 72 studies involving 12390 cases and 16274 controls. The forest plot was made to evaluate the overall risk of the mutation in the etiology of Ischemic Stroke. The overall Odds- ratio of the study was found to be 1.319 for random effects model, revealing a ~32% increased risk of Ischemic stroke in the presence of MTHFR C667T mutation compared to controls. Publication bias in the study was analyzed using funnel plot which revealed that only 7 studies out of the 72 contributed to publication bias. These 7 studies were excluded and Meta-analysis was repeated for 65 studies and overall odds-ratio was 1.306, which showed that there was a 30% higher risk of Ischemic stroke in the presence of MTHFR C667T.

 

Keywords

MTHFR, MTHFR C677T, ischemic stroke, meta-analysis, folic acid

 

Citation

Abhinand et al. Bioinformation 13(6): 214-219 (2017)

 

Edited by

P Kangueane

 

ISSN

0973-2063

 

Publisher

Biomedical Informatics

 

License

This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.