BACK TO CONTENTS     |      PDF     |      PREVIOUS     |      NEXT


Analysis of beta-carotene hydroxylase gene cDNA isolated from the American oil-palm (Elaeis oleifera) mesocarp tissue cDNA library



Subhash J. Bhore1, 2*, Amelia Kassim1, Chye Ying Loh2, Farida H. Shah1


1Molecular Biology Division, Melaka Institute of Biotechnology, Lot 7, Melaka International Trade Centre City, 75450 Ayer Keroh, Melaka, Malaysia; 2Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, AIMST University, Bedong-Semeling Road, Bedong, 08100, Kedah Darul Aman, Malaysia;


E-mail*;* Corresponding author


Article Type






Received August 19, 2010; Accepted August 26, 2010; Published September 20, 2010




It is well known that the nutritional quality of the American oil-palm (Elaeis oleifera) mesocarp oil is superior to that of African oil-palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq. Tenera) mesocarp oil. Therefore, it is of important to identify the genetic features for its superior value. This could be achieved through the genome sequencing of the oil-palm. However, the genome sequence is not available in the public domain due to commercial secrecy. Hence, we constructed a cDNA library and generated expressed sequence tags (3,205) from the mesocarp tissue of the American oil-palm. We continued to annotate
each of these cDNAs after submitting to GenBank/DDBJ/EMBL. A rough analysis turned our attention to the beta-carotene hydroxylase (Chyb) enzyme encoding cDNA. Then, we completed the full sequencing of cDNA clone for its both strands using M13 forward and reverse primers. The full nucleotide and protein sequence was further analyzed and annotated using various Bioinformatics tools. The analysis results showed the presence of fatty acid hydroxylase superfamily domain in the protein sequence. The multiple sequence alignment of selected Chyb amino acid sequences from other plant species and algal members with E. oleifera Chyb using ClustalW and its phylogenetic analysis suggest that Chyb from monocotyledonous plant species, Lilium hubrid, Crocus sativus and Zea mays are the most evolutionary related with E. oleifera Chyb. This study reports the annotation of E. oleifera Chyb.





African oil-palm, American oil-palm, fatty acids, fatty acid hydroxylase, oleic acid, sterol desaturase, zeaxanthin




Bhore et al. Bioinformation 5(3): 104-112 (2010)


Edited by


P. Kangueane








Biomedical Informatics




This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.